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Trans-Boundary Rivers of South Asia (TROSA)

The ‘Trans-Boundary Rivers of South Asia’ (TROSA) is a five-year (2017-2021) regional programme jointly implemented by Oxfam and its partners to understand and address these challenges, and working to create the conditions to reduce poverty in river communities in the Mahakali basins. Oxfam believes reducing poverty in this trans-boundary basins can be achieved by increasing communities access to and control over water resources, and is collaborating with governments, private sectors, and civil society in the region to reach this goal. Moreover, as a woman from river communities are disproportionately affected by the way water resources are managed, the TROSA programme is working to amplify their perspective to ensure these can influence decision making processes.

In Nepal component of the programme is working in the Mahakali river basin- a sub-basin of the Ganges in collaboration with Oxfam Nepal’s local partners.


Inclusive Water Governance

Our approach is focused on inclusive water governance, which is based on the following principles:

Trans-boundary Scale: Sustainable solutions for water governance and management require an approach that goes beyond provincial and national borders.

Inclusive decision making: The voice of all users, representing all uses of water resources, need to be heard to ensure fair decision-making.

Empowerment of women: Women play a key role in water use, and their empowerment is critical for successful water governance.

Rights and Responsibilities: Not only the rights of rural people are important, but they also have their own responsibilities in water governance.

Power of the people: Oxfam and its partners do not speak on behalf of local communities, but strengthen their organizations and build networks so that their voices are heard.



·         Improved policies and practice of governments that protect the rights of river basin communities to water resources.

·         Improved policies and practice of private sector and other sectors that respect the rights of river basin communities to water resources.

·         Strengthened capacity of river basin communities and civil societies to influence trans-boundary water resource management.

·         Amplification of women’s profile and influence in dialogues and decision –making on water management and water infrastructure. 



Key Activities

·       Cross-country learning (capacity building training, knowledge sharing events and exchange visits for key government officials relevant to trans-boundary river governance)

·       Community to community linkage establishment and demonstration of good water governance in the Mahakali river basin –a sub-basin of the Ganges (for example community based flood early warning system)

·        Work directly with women and women’s network to strengthen their involvement in trans-boundary water governance

·        Action research and evidence based advocacy for international cooperation on inclusive water governance and responsible consumption of water governance and responsible consumption of water.


National Partners in Nepal

·         Nepal Environment and Equity Development Society –NEEDS Nepal, Kanchanpur

·         Rural Women’s Development and Unity Centre (RUWDUC), Dadeldhura

·         Sankalpa Nepal, Darchula

·         Rural Development and Environment Management Society (RUDES), Baitadi.


Implementing Agencies:

·         Oxfam International

·         ICIMOD (International Care for Integrated Mountain Development)

·         WWF (World Wide Fund for Conservation of Nature)

·         Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI)

·         International Rivers (IR).



Major Interventions

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Awareness Raising

14 March 2016

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