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ANUKULAN


Background

The Anukulan/ BRACED is UKAID funded project to build the resilience of half a million poor and vulnerable people, especially women and children to climate change impacts like floods, landslides and drought. The program is implementing in Kailali, Dadeldhura, Doti and Kanchanpur districts of Far-western Dev. Region and Bardiya and Surkhet of Mid-Western Development Region for the period January 2015 – December 2017. IDE lead the project in management, technical backstopping, capacity building of partners on finance and administration, oversight of financial and technical compliance, national and international coordination, knowledge dissemination.

 

The consortium partners:

·      International Partners: iDE (lead), ADRA, IWMI, CIMMYT, Middlesex University, Renewable World and Netafim.

·      National Partners: RUPANTARAN, RIMS Nepal, SAPPROS and NTAG

·      Local Implementing Partners: One in each district

The project aims to capacitate smallholder farmers to increase income by taking advantage of small farm economic opportunities and investments in climate-smart technologies such as drip irrigation, essential oil production, multiple-use water systems and community-based renewable energy.

 

Overall Objective(s):

The overall objective of the project is to improve the wellbeing of poor people in Nepal, especially women and children, despite their exposure to climate-related shocks and stresses.

 

Specific Objectives:

·      Poor people in Nepal with improved resilience to climate related shocks and stresses.

·      500,000 people will be under improved LAPA and DRR plans and will benefit from economic opportunities and investments in climate-smart technologies.

·      By project completion, 100,000 households of rural Nepal will build resilience to climate change and earn an extra £140 per year.

 

Climate Change Adaptive Technologies (Partners: Rupantaran, ADRA, iDE)

The project is implementing innovative approaches/technologies to increase climate resilient incomes. The major approaches/technologies are:

 

Harmonization of LDRMP and LAPA (Partners: Rupantaran, ADRA, iDE)

A key approach is to harmonize disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change planning. Currently, Local Disaster Risk Management Plans (LDRMP) and Local Adaptation Plans for Action (LAPA) are done separately. Harmonization will lead to a comprehensive LAPA, this was successfully piloted during the Project Development Phase facilitating government/stakeholders consolidating a single committee to manage the new LAPA process; running a ‘harmonization workshop’ to bring together the LAPA and LDRMP on priority areas; and creating a single document. By avoiding duplication, the approach reduces costs and improves planning.

 

Smallholder Commercial Pockets (Partners: iDE, RIMS)

Nepal has weak rural markets with limited private investment and government extension; the result is low productivity, subsistence agriculture; only about 15% of production is marketed despite strong demand. Over the last 10 years’ iDE has led the commercial pocket approach which mobilizes smallholders to produce sufficient volume to enable the private sector to establish local agents marketing inputs/equipment/services and to establish community managed collection centers. The collection centers mobilize 100 to 1,000 farmers in groups who elect a marketing and planning committee (MPC) for management. The MPC selects an entrepreneur to run the center, over-time many become cooperatives. Collection centers represent a key climate change tool (1) MPC members represent agriculture in the LAPA/DRR process and (2) MPCs are in a good position to assess impacts and work with the private sector/ government for solutions. iDE has proven this approach in the USAID ICCA climate change project (2012-17). The commercial pocket approach is mainstreamed by donors including DFID, USAID, the EU, and the government.

 

Integrated Pest Management (IPM). (Partners: iDE, RIMS)

iDE with USAID support, working with the government has developed IPM ‘packages’ for major vegetable crops using safe bio products and scaling with the private sector. The packages are holistic IPM recommendations including seed/seed bed treatment using Trichoderma/ Psuedomonas, soil solarisation, rouging virus infected plants, nets to prevent aphids/whiteflies, insect monitoring using pheromone traps, vegetable grafting against diseases, plastic trays, neem-based pesticides and coco-peat to grow disease free seedlings, use of bio-fertilizers, and bio-control agents.

 

Conservation agriculture (CA) (Partners: CIMMYT, RIMS, iDE)

CA significantly reduces soil tillage. CA practices build soil quality, prevent erosion, and increase the efficiency of rainwater/irrigation, and reduce workloads. CA-based management approaches can be successfully deployed for all staple crops including drought/flood tolerant varieties. A representative return for CA is a 12% production increase and 50% income increase.

 

Micro Irrigation Technologies (MITs) (Partners : iDE, SAPPROS)

MITs include locally manufactured drip systems, imported larger systems (including from partner Netafim), micro sprinklers, treadle pumps, and water storage technologies. iDE has facilitated sales of over 200,000 MITs increasing farmer incomes and water use efficiency. The main focus will be the promotion of drip.

 

Multiple Use Water Systems (MUS) (Partners: iDE, SAPPROS)

MUS are piped systems that provide sufficient water for domestic use and high-value agriculture. MUS will be integrated into LAPA/watershed planning. Gravity MUS costs about £70 per household (about £2,000 per scheme). iDE impact surveys demonstrate MUS increase annual incomes by over £130 per household. MUS provide multiple benefits including health and sanitation and dramatically decreasing the workload of women for carrying water. MUS also enable communities to improve their decisions on the allocation of water resources.

 

Renewable Energy (Partners: RW, iDE)

Partner Renewable World will support renewable energy technologies including the hydraulic ram pump (hydram), solar PV for lifting water for MUS, and household/community biogas. iDE/Renewable World have successfully demonstrated these technologies. Renewable World supported 5 Solar MUS. Solar MUS use panels/pumps supplied by SUNCO in Nepal. The systems include no batteries; panels are linked to the pump through an efficient controller.

 

Biogas (Partners: RW, Rupantaran)

It is a clean and sustainable product from organic waste used as fuel. Biogas reduces wood consumption and decreases deforestation/landslides. The slurry by-product is also an organic fertilizer. The cost benefit shows a 6m3 biogas plant would accrue annual financial benefits of £250 in the Terai and £270 in the hills.

 

Essential Oil (Partner: iDE)

iDE developed a sustainable technology and business model that has been successfully extended in Nepal and integrated into the LAPA process under the USAID ICCA project. Community Forestry User Groups (CFUGs) manage distillation units processing essential oil plants harvested sustainably from community forests or grown by farmers.

 

"Innovative approaches/technologies will substantially increase climate resilient incomes. The technologies related to water (micro irrigation, MUS, conservation agriculture, and solar for water lifting) will enable smallholders to be less dependent on rain-fed agriculture and to increase the productive use of available water resources. The IPM technologies represent best agricultural practices that can address increased disease and pest problems associated with climate change. Essential oil crops include a high proportion of perennial grasses (lemon grass, citronella, and palmarosa) and tree crops more resistant to droughts/floods. Essential oil field crops (mint and chamomile) have much higher returns than alternatives, don't require pesticides, and are good for peripheries around forests as wild animals won't disturb these crops."

 

 

 

Overall Activities

Output 1: Increased capacity of poor people to reduce their vulnerability to climate related shocks and stresses

1.2.1 Farmers group formation (Agriculture)

1.2.2 Farmers group formation (Essential oil)

1.4.1 Account keeping training

1.4.2 Group management training

1.5.1Formation and Marketing and Planning committee

1.5.2 Material support for collection center (CC) establishment/Strengthen

1.5.3 Market management training to MPC members

1.5.4 Interaction meeting between MPC, trader and producers group members

1.5.5 Post harvest handling training to MPC and traders

1.5.6 Business plan (BP) training to MPC members

1.5.7 Exposer visit for MPC to successful Collection Center and regional market center

1.6.1 Establishment of new distillation unit

1.6.2 Distillation Unit strengthening/ scale up and capacity building

1.6.3 Revolving fund for distillation unit enterprises

1.6.4 Linkage and coordination between essential oil buyers/trader and producer

1.7 Biogas establishments

1.8 Challenge Fund Implementation for value chain HH coverage of agriculture  household

1.9.1 Community Business Facilitator training / Value Chain Development Training (Agriculture)

1.9.2 Community Business Facilitator Training (Essential Oil)

1.10 Challenge Fund Implementation for value chain HH coverage of essential oil household

1. 11. 1 Technical Capacity Building Training to Staff

1. 11.2 Procurement of Survey Equipment

1.11.3 Procurement of MUS Forma/Mould

1.11.4 Pre-feasibility Survey

1.11.5 MUS Water Quality Testing

1.11.6 MUS Detailed Feasibility and Engineering Survey

1.11.7 MUS Registration/ Agreement (including Solar MUS)

1. 11. 8User Group Formation and Orientation

1. 11. 9Gravity MUS Installation

1.11.10: WUC Training on Planning and Operation

1.11.11 MUS Caretaker on the Job Training

1.11.12MUS Training/ Orientation to DTOs

1.11.13 Solar MUS Installation through Anukulan

1.11.14 Solar MUS Installation through Solar MUS_II

1.12 Development of Recharge Ponds

1.13.1: Water Source Protection Training

1.13.2Catchment Improvement Works

1.14 Social mobilization training for CM, AT/FF at regional level

1.15 Gender and social inclusion training

1.16.1 Home garden training

1.16.2 Vegetable crop management training (quality seed management to pre and post-harvest management)

1.16.3 Off-season vegetable training

1.16.4 Organic vegetable farming training

1.16.5 Post harvest management training on vegetables

1.17 IPM training

1.18 IPM demonstration

1.19 Nursery Grower training

1.20 Need based training

1.22 Mistri (Mason) training

1.23 Farmers MIT repair and maintenance training

1.24 MIT (Drip) demonstrations (90 sq. meters)

1.25 Exposure visit (agriculture)

1.26. 1 Training on cultivation of annual essential oil crops Chamomile

1.26.2 Follow up training on cultivation of annual essential oil crops Chamomile

1.26.3 Cultivation of annual essential oil crops Mentha

1.26.4 Mentha sucker nursery training

1.26.5 Training on cultivation of perennial essential oil crops

1.26.6 Follow up training on cultivation of perennial essential oil crops

1.26.7 Follow up training on cultivation of annual essential oil crops Mentha

1.26.8 Post harvest management training on essential oil crop including distillation

1.26.9 Storage and quality control of essential oil training

1.26.10 Palmarosa essential oil crop nursery training

1.27.1 Field demonstration of chamomile

1.27.2 Field demonstration of Mentha

1.27.3 Field demonstrations of perennial crops (Palmarosa, Citronella, Lemongrass)

1.27.4 Field demonstrations of French basil

.27.5 Field demo of distillation Eucalyptus/wild herb essential oil

1.28 Exposure visit to farmers on Essential oil within the district

1.29 Exposure visit to leader farmers, processors on essential oil commercial production site in Nepal

1.30 Training on cultivation, processing and marketing of NTFP/essential oils for staffs, processors and leader farmers

1.31.1 Updates on CFUG operational plan and incorporation of essential oil activity

1.31.2 Support for business plan and registration of essential oil enterprise

1.31.3 Trainings and support on post-harvest management of essential oil crops including management and process of distillation and quality control

1.32 Essential oil manual development

1.33 Improved Cook Stoves (ICS) promotion

1.34 Improved cook stoves (ICS) training to promoters and CM

1.35 Demo on ICS

1.36 Bio-gas and training

1.37 Scaling conservation agriculture and options for cereals-based systems optimization through scale-appropriate mechanization and service provision (CIMMYT)

1.37.1 Procurement and demonstration of scale-appropriate machinery for climate resilient production practices

1.37.2 Technical and BDS training for service providers on scale-appropriate mechanization

1.37.3 Awareness raising field tours and exposure visits for 'spreading the word' on climate resilient production technologies

1.37.4 National workshop and field tour on coping with climate variability and change in cropping systems

1.37.5 Demonstration and on-farm evaluation of conservation agriculture practices for wheat, maize, and rice

1.37.5.1 On-farm evaluation of maize under conservation agriculture in hills

1.37.5.2 On-farm evaluation of wheat under conservation agriculture in hills

1.37.5.3 Demonstration of maize under conservation agriculture

1.37.5.4 Demonstration of wheat under conservation agriculture

1.37.5.5 Demonstration of rice under conservation agriculture

1.37.6 Demonstration and on-farm evaluation of timely planting of cereal crops to adopt on changing climatic conditions

1.37.6.1 On-farm evaluation of zero tillage wheat

1.37.6.2 On-farm evaluation of dry seeded rice

1.37.6.3 On-farm evaluation of planting time for maize in hills

1.37.6.4 Demonstration of zero tillage wheat in terai

1.37.6.5 Demonstration of dry seeded rice in terai

1.37.6.6 Demonstration of mechanical harvesting which facilitate the early planting of the forthcoming crop

1.37.7 Demonstration and on-farm evaluation of stress tolerant crop varieties of wheat, rice, and maize

1.37.7.1 Demonstration of drought tolerant rice varieties in terai and hills

1.37.7.2 Demonstration of heat stress tolerant wheat varieties in terai

1.37.7.3 Demonstration of heat tolerant maize variety in terai

1.37.8 Demonstration and on-farm evaluation of efficient water and nutrient management technologies

1.37.8.1 On-farm evaluation of precision fertilizer broadcaster during wheat

1.37.8.2 On-farm evaluation of precision fertilizer broadcaster during rice

1.37.8.3 Demonstration of precision fertilizer broadcaster in farmers' field

1.37.8.4 Demonstration of Laser land leveler efficient water and nutrient management in farmers' field

1.38 Training of Trainers (TOTs) on Nutrition and Health

1.39 Training for Household Groups (Intensive

1.40 Orientation for Household Groups (light)

1.41 Training Manual for Intensive Household

1.42 Training manual for FF and CM

1.43 Other training materials

1.44.1 Development of Crop Calendar

1.44.2 Input and Output Traders visit to district production pocket

1.44.3 Capacity building and strengthening training to existing and new agri input suppliers

1.44.5 MIT supply chain workshop

1.45.1 Value chain training to project staff non officer

1.45.2 Value chain training to project level officer staff

1.45.3 Use of ICT through MPC

1.45.4 Business plan and climate Smart Technology training to project non officer staff

1.45.5 Business plan/Climate smart technology training to project level officer staff

Output-2: Increased capacity of local government, civil society, private sector to respond and provide support to climate related shocks and stresses

2.1: Formulation/ Strengthening Mechanism

2.2 Preparation of LAPA in harmonization with DRR (VEECCCC formation, sensitization, vulnerability assessment, and LAPA preparation)

2.2.1 Orientation/Sensitization

2.2.1.1 VDC level sensitization and planning workshop

2.2.1.2 Municipality level sensitization and planning workshop

2.2.2 Ward level vulnerability and adaptation assessment

2.2.2.1 Ward level vulnerability and adaptation assessment at VDC level

2.2.2.2 Ward level vulnerability and adaptation assessment at Municipality level

2.2.3 LAPA in harmonization with DDR plan preparation workshop

2.2.3.1 LAPA in harmonization with DDR plan preparation workshop at VDC level

2.2.3.2. LAPA in harmonization with DDR plan preparation workshop at Municipality Level

2.2.4 LAPA integration/endorsement in VDC council/ Integrated Planning Committee

2.2.4.1 LAPA integration/endorsement in VDC council/ Integrated Planning Committee at VDC level

2.2.4.2 LAPA integration/endorsement in Municipality council/ Integrated Planning Committee

2.2.5 District Level sharing of LAPA in harmonization with DRR plan for Integration LAPA Plan/Actions

2.2.6 LAPA Process orientation to Staffs (LAPA facilitator, CM and LNGO staffs

2.2.7 Sensitization Workshop to incorporate LAPA action into local and sectoral plan

2.2.8 Joint monitoring by DEECCCC and technical verification of LAPA actions

2.2.9 LAPA documentation district wise

2.3 Implementation of Climate Change Activities

2.4.1 Review and revision of LDRM in line with LAPA (review during preparation of LAPA)

2.4.1.1 Orientation on LAPA harmonization process and review of LDRMP

2.4.1.2 Support VE2C4 to prepare Resource /Hazard mapping and other IEC materials (88 VDC/Municipality amended from 100 VDC/Municipality)

2.4.1.3 Sharing of harmonized LAPA with LDMC and VE2C4

2.4.2 Sensitization on LAPA and LDRMP harmonization process at district level

2.4.2.1 District level workshop to harmonize LDRMP & LAPA

2.4.2.2 Interaction between district and community level stakeholders for way of harmonization

2.4.2.3 Sharing of harmonization process for district stakeholders

2.4.3.1 Preparedness support to DEOC

2.4.3.1.1 LSAR/EWS materials support

2.4.3.1.2 DPRP review and consultation

2.4.3.2 District level emergency preparedness training (taskforce training to DEOC and related stakeholders

2.4.4 Preparedness support to VE2C4

2.4.4.1 LSAR/EWS material support

2.4.4.2 LSAR/FA/EWS training

2.4.4.3 Awareness program/day celebration, street drama

2.5 Mitigation Activities in line with LAPA

2.6.1 Support to establish early warning Mechanism in District

2.6.2.1 Assessment of existing and possible upstream and downstream mechanism by an expert

2.6.2.2 Meeting with concern stakeholders to share findings of the assessment and make a decision of establishment/enhancement

2.6.2.3 Establishment/enhancing upstream and downstream EWS mechanism

2.6.2.4 Learning visit of early warning related concern stakeholders and community for the linkage

2.7 Cost of Manual preparation and drafting including newsletter and annual reports

2.8 Staff capacity building

2.9 Harmonized LAPA guideline development

2.10 Capacity building event for DRR/Adaptation Officers, DC, PC on DRR

Output 3: Better understanding of what works in building resilience to climate related shocks and stresses and integration into DRR approaches

3.1 WEAI in baseline and endline survey in 3 districts. Adapting the index to non-agricultural activities (IWMI)

3.2 Study on linkages between women's empowerment and resilience (IWMI)

3.3 Action research on the factors influencing the institutionalization of MUS in Nepal (IWMI)

Output 4: Improved Policies integrating DRR and CCA in place at local and national levels

4.1 Study on interaction between LAPA and DRR at VDC level

4.2 Assessment of local institutional arrangements for climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction Technology

4.3 Policy dialogue on DRR and CCA harmonization

4.4 Regional Consultation Workshop on MUS and Renewable Energy Technology

4.5 National consultation workshop on MUS and renewable energy technology

4.6.1 CPAC meeting (Central Project Advisory Committee)

4.6.2 CPAC visit

4.6.3 DPAC meeting (District Project Advisory Committee)

4.6.4 DPAC Joint field monitoring Visit

OUTPUT 5: MONITORING AND EVALUATION

5.1.1 Consultative/sharing meeting at central level

5.1.2 Project inception workshop

5.1.3 Orientation to the staffs at Central/Region/District

5.1.4 Sensitization to the major SHs at district level about the process, approach and possible outcome of the program / Consultative meeting at District /VDC

5.1.5 Preliminary contracts and consensus letter

5.1.6 Local NGO selection orientation

5.2.1.1 Preliminary DIP preparation

5.2.1.2 DIP refinement

5.2.2 Annual Review and planning meeting

5.2.3 Semi-annual review

5.2.4 Project closing workshop at national level

5.2.5 Project closing workshop at district level

5.2.6 Capacity building training

5.2.7 Monitoring Field Visits

5.2.8 Staffs capacity building / exposure visits

5.2.9 Materials printing

 

 

 

 

Major Interventions



Image 1
Awareness Raising

14 March 2016

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